The Nemenhah Constitution

Greetings all my relations,
With great honor today I present the;
Nemenhah Constitution
(Formerly the Numi’Pu TsuPehli Chophunsh, and Nemenhah Band and Native
American Traditional Organization, consecutively.
The name has been modified from time to time in order to address Core Principles)
An Indigenous Traditional Organization and Convocation of
Medicine Men and Medicine Women and Ministers of the
Native American Church of Nemenhah
(An Independent Branch of the Native American Church with Affiliation and Recognition
from the  Oklevueha  Lakota Sioux  Nation  Native American Church of Wounded Knee and
Rosebud, as well as Sundance Chiefs and Holy Persons of the Mandan/Hidatsa, Holy 
Persons of the Tlingit,  and of Hawaii and Peru)
We Nemenhah,
In Great Council, beginning in 2002 and continuously to the present, by Original
Constitution and as amended and revised to present, by the Unanimous Voice of the First
General Mother’ s Council, and subsequently, the Delegates of the Annual Great Councils of
the Nemenhah, do make this;
Declaration of Good Conscience and Practice,
Constitution, and Establishment of the Nemenhah.
Being a restoration of a Pre-Colonial and Pre-Conquest Nomadic Indigenous People who
call themselves “Nemenhah” and who  inhabited parts of Central America, North America,
the Pacific Islands, Japan, Korea, China and Tibet anciently, and which left evidence defining
its periodic occupation of these Traditional Territories in writings and records, religiously
guarded in order that they might be brought into the light in a day of futurity, so that the
ancient sacred ways of the Nemenhah  might be restored, beginning in this State of Utah, in
the United States of America, and spreading from there as far as the wind may carry the
message, and for as long as the trees grow and the rivers flow.
We Walk In A Sacred Manner, We Talk In A Sacred Manner.
And We Make a Beginning of Our Speaking.
Office of the EPMC | 2014
OFFICIAL DOCUMENT: Nemenhah Constitution

Nemenhah Constitution – 13th Great Council Cycle of the Nemenhah People
Version 2014
Years Published:
Version 2002 – 2013 consecutively.
Original Draft by Phillip “Cloudpiler” Landis
Commissioned  and  Ratified  by  the  First  Council  of  Mothers  in  2002 

Ratified by  the
Annual Great Council of the Nemenhah each year to date.
All Rights Reserved
Copyright © 2012  by  Jonathan “Wellamotkin” Landis, Elected Principle/Medicine Chief of the Nemenhah People.   A Nemenhah Press Publication

Preamble  …………………………………………………………………………………………..         4
Definitions:  ……………………………………………………………………………………….         8
Consensus  …………………………………………………………………………………………         8
The Presiding High Priest or President of the Native American Church of Nemenhah  ……………………………………………………………………………………………….  9
The Sacred Sahaptan Healing Way  ………………………………………………………….  10
Nemenhah Spiritual Adoption or “Making Relations” ……………………………..   11
The Elected Principal Medicine Chief (EMPC)  ………………………………………..  11
Administrative Chiefs  ………………………………………………………………………………  13
Nemenhah Member or “Tiheht”  ………………………………………………………………  14
General Assembly  …………………………………………………………………………………….  15
Nemenhah Elders  …………………………………………………………………………………….  15
The General Council of Mothers  ………………………………………………………………  15
Age of Agency  ……………………………………………………………………………………………. 16
Chapter  ……………………………………………………………………………………………………..  16
The Nemenhah Community  ……………………………………………………………………..  16
The Pehli and the Pehli Council  ………………………………………………………………..  17
Immunity  ………………………………………………………………………………………………….  18
The General Councils  ………………………………………………………………………………..  18
Great Council or Council of Fifty  ………………………………………………………………  18
Council Eligibility  ………………………………………………………………………………………  19
Proxy  ………………………………………………………………………………………………………….  19
The Talking Feather  ……………………………………………………………………………………  19
Impeachment and Expulsion  ………………………………………………………………………  20
Vacancies  …………………………………………………………………………………………………….  20
Kohhaht of Council, or “Keeper of the Door”  ………………………………………………  21
Clarification of the Covenant of Spiritual Adoption  …………………………………….  21
Covenant Donation  ……………………………………………………………………………………..  21
Active/Voting Status  …………………………………………………………………………………………………………..  22
Council  …………………………………………………………………………………………………………  22
Counsel  …………………………………………………………………………………………………………  22
Articles:  …………………………………………………………………………………………………………  23


We Nemenhah  believe in the Creator, whom our Ancient  Nemenhah  Ancestors called “Ayahshuhway  Sahnhehmpeht,”  and that the Creator made all men and women who have lived, now live, and who will yet live, as free and equal beings.

We recognize the inherent,
ancestral,  sovereign  rights  granted  to  all  people  by  the  Creator,  as  also  by  human conscience,  international  law,  and  legal  constructs  of  reciprocity,  mutuality,  and  comity, which cannot be diminished or extinguished.

We believe that we derive from and that we may become like the Nemenhah who inhabited their Traditional Territories  anciently and, through their literal descendents, we claim the right to restore into existence an Indigenous Traditional  Organization  based upon their teachings which have  been  passed down  to  us through the traditions, customs, ceremonies, writings, and records of  Indigenous Peoples, among which we acknowledge the Mayntinah (Mentinah) Archives by way of example.

In accordance with the Principles and Teachings of the Mayntinah Archives, from which we obtain  our  foundation,  we  believe  that  we  are  all  Relations  one  to  another  and  we  are children of the same Creator.

We affirm the UNITED NATIONS Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (U.N. Sub-commission on Prevention of Discrimination and Protection of Minorities 1994/45, August 26, 1994. U.N. Doc. E/CN.4/1995/2, E/CN.4/sub.2/1994/56, at  105  (1994)),  which  was  ratified  into  International  Human  Rights  Law  in  2007.

Fundamental to our traditions is the truth that, as Children of the Creator, we are entitled to the freedoms of thought, religion, education, assembly, opinion, speech, movement, lands and resources, our sacred rights of worship and methods of healing, our traditional lifestyle and  security  within  our  historical  territories,  insofar  as  those  freedoms  do  not  prevent others  from likewise enjoying the same freedoms.

We believe that men and women have been  endowed  with  intelligence  enough  to  govern  themselves  in  such  a  manner  as  to guarantee to themselves these freedoms, to establish just and right ways to deal with each other, to maintain a tranquil and secure domestic life, provide for defense of these rights when needed, and to insure for ourselves and our posterity the blessings that our culture, traditions,  and  teachings  bring. 

Accordingly,  exercising  that  Right  of  Self  Determination guaranteed to all Indigenous Peoples by International Law,  we exercise our right to form a convocation of our own  Indigenous  People, founded upon the principles cited herein, and we ordain and establish this Constitution for the Nemenhah as an Indigenous People.

We adhere to the Eighteen expressions  of the Sacred Sahaptan Healing Way as among the Primary  Fundamentals  of  our  faithful  worship,  and  the  foundation  of  our  People  and Society. They are:

1)   We,  Nemenhah  are  an  Indigenous  People  dedicated  to  teaching  the  Sacred  Sahaptan Healing  Way  and  of  the  principles  contained  in  the  written  records  of  the  Ancient Nemenhah,  many  of  which  are  found  in; 

the  “Nemenhah  Records  –  Mayntinah
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OFFICIAL DOCUMENT: Nemenhah Constitution Archives,”  also  known as “The Nemenhah Records,”  as well as the sacred writings of other Indigenous Peoples around  the world. 

As such, we believe that no person stands above another; all people are not merely created equal, but are equal in the sight of the Creator.

We are Nemenhah!

2) We believe and adhere to all the principles of the Sacred Sahaptan Healing Way, as
restored to Phillip P. (Cloudpiler) Landis , who was the first of the Restored Nemenhah to be elected as Principle/Medicine Chief, and also the f irst  anointed  President of the Native American Church of Nemenhah, by direct revelation from his Grandfathers,   and through the ancient tradition of Wyaykihn, which include but are not restricted to:

i) Acquisition of truth through diligent study, observation, prayer, song, dance,
guidance from one’s Ancestors, and through the right application of wisdom and of
the  gifts of the  Creator.   This is the First Great Principle and Covenant of the Ancient
Nemenhah Societies and Religious Orders.

ii)  Self – determination  and  self- direction,  as  guaranteed  by  International
and Domestic Law .

iii)  The use of natural healing methods and materials, and of spiritual guidance for the
healing  of  the  body  physical  and  the  body  spiritual  of  the  individual,  family,
community, society, and the planet. 

This is the Five-Fold Mission of the Nemenhah.

iv)   The education of others in the Sacred Sahaptan Healing Way, so that all people
may  become  Healers.  The  Uniform  Curriculum  for  Nemenhah  Medicine  Men  and
Women (UCNM) is the first tier of this education.

3) We believe in the Wisdom of the Creator.

This wisdom, along with the gifts of our culture, our customs,  our traditions and our beliefs, as they are expressed in the sacred utterances and performances of the Sacred Sahaptan Healing Way, are gifts given to us by the Creator, through Wya ykihn, and they can neither be given nor taken away by other persons, peoples, nations or governments.

4)   We believe that the wisdom of the Creator finds expression in nature and that the
inherent wisdom of all living thi ngs reflects and manifests that expression.

This is also Wyaykihn and it is upon this tradition of the pre-conquest American Indigenous Peoples, and also the teachings of the Ancient Nemenhah that we do  re -establish ourselves  and revitalize our Culture. Diligent study leads to more complete understanding of the will of the Creator for  all people.

Therefore, all people are endowed by the Creator with intelligence, and the use of that intelligence to learn all things is the ultimate expression of our society and our religion, and one of the  ultimate gifts of the Creator that must be passed on to our  Nemenhah Brothers and Sisters, and to our posterity.

5)   We believe that all people are free to choose and that the health of the body, the
mind, the spirit, the community, the society, and the planet are direct consequences of
the choices each person makes.

All  people have the unalienable right to freedom of choice and of self- determination, in areas of family life, health, education, application of  traditional  values,  beliefs,  lifestyles  and  practices,  as  well  as  in  community  and national participation.

The inherent dignity and equal and unalienable rights of the human family are the foundation of health, freedom, justice, peace, and harmony among all peoples. Without  these values, humans are mere slaves, either of their fellow man and his expectations, or of society.

6)  We believe that the Creator guides, succors and saves all the works of Creation.

7)  We believe that faith and acts of faith are right applications of the wisdom of the

8)  We believe that all people are free to anxiously engage themselves in any good work, for the power is in them  because of the creation. 

All Indigenous Peoples  have the right to self-sufficiency through the  inherent rights of self -determination and self-government.

9)   We  believe  that  all  earthly  organizations  are  manifestations  of  the  order  that
permeates all creation and that, even if flawed, some element of truth may yet be found in them.

The Nemenhah Indigenous Traditional People  has a permanent population and all
of  our  people,  individually  and  collectively,  may  enjoy  and  have  equal  access  to  the economic, social, cultural, religious and political rights and freedoms of our,

Institutions, which  include,   inter  alia,   all  of  our  Men,  Women,  Children,  and  Youth,  Tiheht,  Tiwehk, Tiwehkthihmpt,  Tiwehkthihmpt, Kohhaht,  our  Elders, Teachers, Medicine Men, Medicine Women, Doctors, Practitioners, Professors, Healers, Sahaptan Guides, Sahaptan  Carriers, Sahaptan  Shirts,  Roadmen,  Roadwomen,  Chiefs,  Religious  Orders  and  Societies, Councils and Counselors, and so forth.

10)  We believe in miracles; such as cures, healings, prophecies, visions, Wyaykihn
(personal  revelations  and  visitations),  the  speaking  in  tongues  and  the
interpretation of tongues, the translation of ancient languages, and so forth, and that it
is  the  right  of  all  people  to  heal  and  be  healed  without  restriction  from  any  earthly government,  for  Natural  Medicine  and  Natural  Modalities  of  Healing  are  gifts  of  the Creator.

11)   We  believe  that  the  Creator  is  actively  involved  with  us  and  has  revealed  many things  to  us  through  our  Ancestors,  and  through  Wyaykihn,  does  now  reveal  many things to us, and will yet reveal many things pertaining to all manifestations of Creation.

It is for  this  purpose that;

  The  Creator caused our ancestors  to  be;

“Walkers Upon the Land”  now  known  as  Central  and  South  America,  North  America,  the  Islands  of  the Pacific Ocean, Japan,  Korea,  China and Tibet.

These are our traditional and historical territories and it is so  that the Creator could guide and direct our nomadic walk upon this  Mother  Earth  that  we  receive  Wyaykihn  in  our  personal   and  communal  lives. 

No earthly  power  or  organization  may  restrict  the  freedom  to  obtain  and  to  apply  personal revelation and we believe that the Creator has revealed the Sacred Sahaptan Healing Way to us through the ancient, tried and tested method of those who lived in this land prior to its invasion, conquest, colonization and subjugation by other people from other lands. 

It is Office of the EPMC | 2014

Nemenhah Constitution;
for this reason we call ourselves;

“Nemenhah,” meaning that we are “Of the Spirit – One People Walking the Earth. ”

12)  We believe that all people can be One People (Nemenhah), united in all good and
true purposes, having  all Truth in common, and that all social, political, economic and
ethnic distinction, if it is designed to edify, is honorable. But if it is designed to enslave
or subjugate, it is evil and must be abolished.

13)  We believe that the Earth may be healed if all people will become one in that purpose
and that the Creator will assist us in that purpose. All people have the right to be healers,
both  for  themselves,  their  families  and  neighbors,  as  well  as  for  nations,  kindreds,
peoples, and the earth herself.

14)  We eschew the despotism of orthodoxy and exercise the privilege of seeking and finding truth  wherever  that  search  may  lead  us,  insofar  as  we  neither  abrogate  personal accountability nor willfully injure  any  person in that search.

No earthly organization may restrict the free exercise of choice in the obtaining of education and understanding.

This is the Sahaptan Way.

It is a Sacred Way.

It constitutes  part of our Traditional Religion and may not  be  taken  from  us,  either  by  legislation,  treaty,  order,  or  any  other  earthly  artifice  or device.

15)  We believe in and uphold any law or regulation made by the government of any nation that is based in principles of truth and that is made not for the purpose of enslavement, or  to  place  one  nation  or  one  person  above  another. 

If  any  law  conforms  to  that standard we believe in and uphold that law. If any law tends to  enslave or place one nation or person in subjection to another, we claim the right to work  within  morally accepted norms  to change it.

16)   We  repudiate  any  rights  that  any  federally  recognized  tribe,   band,  or  traditional organization may claim to possess, that gives them authority, or so they suppose, to  enter into treaties or agreements that seek to bind the Nemenhah, their Spiritual Family, their descendants or their followers in  good faith. 

We honor, associate and affiliate with such entities, but we are self – determinant, self-reliant, and self – governing.

17)  We walk in a sacred manner.

18)  We Talk in a sacred manner.

In a sacred manner, we hereby reaffirm our commitment to our inherent values
of Spirituality, Intelligence, Honor, Sharing, Kindness, Love, Respect, Courage, Integrity,
Healing and Equality as passed on from generation to generation by the Ancestors. 

In a sacred manner, we hereby reaffirm our commitment to the sacred teachings of
the Sahaptan Healing Way as passed on from Healer to Healer by the Ancestors, and of the  teachings  and  principles  contained  in  our  traditions,  customs,  ceremonies,celebrations, our Sacred Writings and Records, and etc.,

And do affirm our intent to restore the Sacred Sahaptan Healing Way, as a spiritual belief system and practice in its complete form,  together with its institutions, its authority to govern itself, its powers of  administration,  its  customs  and  traditions,  its  ancestral  and  traditional  lands  and sacred sites, and so forth,  beginning with our own Indigenous  People and Group,  and then expanding to all the Peoples of the world who express an interest in it.

In  a  sacred  manner,  we  hereby  reaffirm  our  right  to  form  Chapters  (of  the
Nemenhah  Indigenous  Traditional  Organization)  and  expand  the  Councils  and
Communities   of the  Nemenhah in  any place that the Creator commands and that our
Ancestors direct, according to  the application of our faith,   the exercise of our Code  of
Ethical Conduct,   and the diligent performance of our duty.

In  testament  whereof,  we  hereby  reconfirm  our  national  symbols: 

Our  Sacred Ancestral Prayers, Ordinances, Ceremonial  Healing,  Sacraments,  Blessings, Covenants, Consecrations,  Sacred  Sites  and  Ancestral  Lands,  Drums,  Shields,  Dress,  Pipes, Feathers,  Medicines,  Materials,  Methods,  Modalities,  Flags,  Protocols,  Language,  Songs, Dances  and  other  Sacred  Practices  and  Objects;  and,  do  hereby  authorize  Local Councils,  Proclamations,  National  and  Local  Commemorations,  Ceremonies  and Celebrations, Treaties and Affiliations with other Nations and  Peoples, and a Great Council and National General Assembly of all Nemenhah, by all Nemenhah, and for all Nemenhah, popular, fair, representative, and responsible.

Therefore,  as  both  a  culmination  and  a  beginning,  we  recognize  these
characteristics for our  People wherever they may  assemble; and, we go forward
from this day with the following:



All  election  and  decision-making  in  the  Councils  of  the  Nemenhah  shall  be  by  the
consensus of Nemenhah  Members in Active/Voting Status. 

When a Council has come to the end of all debate on any matter, the Talking Feather (as defined hereinafter) shall ask for a “thumb vote,” meaning that all members of the Council shall demonstrate their agreement by  raising  their  hand  with  thumb  up,  or  in  the  alternative,  they  shall  demonstrate  their disagreement  by  raising  their  hand  with  thumb  down. 

Should  there  remain  any  thumbs down, consensus shall not have been obtained and the matter must return to debate or it must  be  withdrawn  and  studied.  Council  Members  may  raise  their  hand  with  thumb parallel to the ground, meaning that they disagree but require no one to agree with them, and this shall not be counted as a vote in the negative. When all thumbs are either up or

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OFFICIAL DOCUMENT: Nemenhah Constitution

parallel with the ground, consensus has been obtained.   

Unanimous Council or “Having all things in Common”

shall pertain to all Councils of the Nemenhah.

The General Assembly of the Nemenhah Chapters, Communities or the Nemenhah Entire, shall reach Consensus by a Two  Thirds  Majority  of  those  Members  qualified  to  vote,  who  desire  to  participate,  as explained hereinafter.

The  Presiding  High  Priest  or  President  of  the  Native  American  Church  of
Nemenhah The  President  and  CEO  of  the  Native  American  Church  of  Nemenhah,  hereinafter NACNEM, is the Presiding High Priest, or “Tehk  Tiwehkthihmpt “of  the Church.

The First President of the Native American Church of Nemenhah is Phillip R. ‘Cloudpiler’ Landis, aka Ayahpahlehktsiluhm Hehmehnehoht Tohohyaylohahkehkt,  upon the instance of Wyaykihn and as anointed by the First Council of Mothers in 2002.

This anointing was confirmed by Sacred Breath Ceremony officiated by  James W.F.E. Mooney,  Co-Founder  of the  Oklevueha Lakota  Sioux  Nation  Native  American  Church.  

James   W.F.E.  Mooney  received  his ordination  and  appointment  under  the  hand  and  blessing  of  Leslie  Fool  Bull,  and  was elevated to the President of the Oklevueha Lakota Sioux Nation Native American Church by Chief  Fool  Bull’s    successor,  Richard  He  Who  Has  the  Foundation  Swallow,  when  the Oklevueha  and  the  Wounded  Knee  Native  American  Churches  conjoined.  

Both  of  these great men, may  they rest in peace, were Chiefs of the Oglala/Lakota  Eagle Clan, and Heads of the Native American Church of Wounded Knee and of Rosebud.  

Additionally, Nemenhah has  been  recognized  by  Sundance  Chiefs  of  the  Mandan/Hidatsa  Tribe,  as  well  as  Holy Persons  in  various  Tribes  and  Bands,  including  but  not  restricted  to  Traditional  Alaskan Tlingit Community, Traditional Hawaiian Community, and Spiritual Leaders of Peru. 

This Line of Authority sets forth the pattern by which the Office of Presiding High Priest of the Native  American  Church  of  Nemenhah  shall  be  transmitted  –  it  is  by  Ordination  and Blessing given by one having authority vested  by this Constitution  and recognized by the Sustaining Vote of Nemenhah Great Council. Eligibility:

To be  eligible  for appointment to the Office of Presiding  High Priest of NACNEM, “Tehk Tiwehkthihmpt,”  a man or woman must  have been ordained to the  Office of  High  Priest  or  “Tiwehkthihmpt”  in  the  Order  of  Lehb,  under  the  hands  of  the  First
Presiding  High  Priest  or  his  Successor.   Only  a  Member  of  the  Order  of  Lehb  may  be ordained  to  the  Office  of  High  Priest. 

  All  Members  of  the  Order  of  Lehb  are  Nemenhah Members  in  Active/Voting  Status,  who  have  received  through  Wyaykihn  (personal revelation) the Commission of the Peacemaker, who have reported the same to the extant Presiding High Priest and have been duly ordained to the Order, and who have dedicated themselves to restoring and fulfilling of the Sacred Sahaptan Healing Way and the Five Fold Mission  of  the  Nemenhah. 

Having  received  his/her  commission  and  ordination,  the nominee must have served for a minimum of one (1) year as a Member of the Council  of Administrative Chiefs, under the direction of a duly authorized  Elected Principle/Medicine Chief, and the tutelage of the President of the Church, concurrently. Stewardship  and  Authority:  

The  Spirit  of  the  Peacemaker,  even  Ayahshuhway Sahnhehmpeht,  is  the  Supreme  and  Living  Head  of  the  Church,  and  the  President  of NACNEM is the  ad-hoc  President. 

In the physical absence of the Peacemaker,  there is no higher  authority  in  the  Native  American  Church  of  Nemenhah  than  the  President.   When the Peacemaker is present, He is automatically the President of the Church and the Acting President  takes  a  purely  advisory  stewardship.  

The  President  is  the  Custodian  of  the Sacred Sahaptan Healing Way, and of all the Ceremonies, Sacraments, and Sacred Medicine associated  with  the  Establishment  and  Exercise  of  Nemenhah  Religion,  and  the administration  of  all  Nemenhah  Religious  Institutions. 

He/she  holds  the  Keys  to  the Spiritual Adoption and is the only Member of the Nemenhah who is authorized to affect the Ordinance  of  Making  Relations  associated  with  the  adopting  of  Medicine  People  (Tiheht) into the Nemenhah. The President of the Church  is authorized to act upon the Request For Spiritual  Adoption  and  to  manage  the  Tithes  of  the  Church  associated  with  that  office.

Through  the  teaching  of  the  Sacred  Sahaptan  Healing  Way,  the  President  directs  and oversees  the  training  of  all  Nemenhah  Ministers,  creates  or  calls  for  the  creation  of curriculum to affect the same, and is authorized to receive and have the administration of tithes  associated  with  that  office.  

Only  the  President  may  call,  set  apart  and  ordain  a Tiwehkthihmpt  (High  Priest)  to  any  of  the  Societies  and  Orders  of  the  Nemenhah.

Thereafter, a  High Priest shall be divested only upon the action of a  Disciplinary Council of the Nemenhah.

Rights and Restrictions of the Office: 

The President of NACNEM  is authorized to act within the dictates of the Office of Presiding High Priest with all authority to direct the work of the Ministry,  when  such  actions  involve  the  Making  of  Relations  (Spiritual  Adoption),  the training  of  Ministers  (UCNM),  and  the  governing  and  direction  and  administration  of  the
Church  and  its  Societies,  and  of  the  Order  of  Lehb  and  its  institutions  and  societies.

Otherwise, the President is authorized to act under the same restrictions in all things with the  same  authority  that  is  extended  to  all  Nemenhah  Members  generally.

The Sacred Sahaptan Healing Way;

The Sacred Sahaptan Healing Way is that body of  knowledge which  is compiled
into a uniform  curriculum for the systematic training and education of the Medicine
Men  and  Medicine  Women  as  Active  Ministers  of  the  Nemenhah  Church. 

It  is  the criteria by which Spiritual Adoption is entered into and the basis and foundation of this  Constitution. It consists of the Ancient Nemenhah Law and of the ancient and otherwise  accepted  spiritual  and  physical  ceremonies,  wisdom,  knowledge, practices, policies, teachings, modalities and  etc., which are expressed in the Ancient Nemenhah Records, as well as in other ancient traditional histories and contemporary documents currently in use by the Nemenhah Church.

Nemenhah Spiritual Adoption or “Making Relations”

Membership in the Nemenhah is by and through the ancient religious tradition
of  Spiritual  Adoption,  which  is  als o  known  as  “Making  Relations”,  which  is
administrated by the President (Tehk Tiwehkthihmpt) of the Native American Church
of Nemenhah. 

This  adoption shall not be construed as “Tribal Adoption” or “Legal Adoption,” but is  strictly spiritual in  nature and conveys no tribal or legal rights as they relate to membership or enrollment in any of the Federally or Crown Recognized Tribes. 

The  Adoption  is  for  purposes  of  establishing  the  Covenant  Relationship  and
Membership  of an  individual  in  the  Nemenhah Indigenous Traditional  Organization,
and also Membership in the Native American Church of Nemenhah, and  shall be used
only for this designated dual purpose.

The Elected Principal Medicine Chief (EMPC)

The  Elected  Principal  Medicine  Chief,  hereinafter  EPMC,  is  the  Talking
Feather of the Great Council  and of the Council of  Administrative Chiefs, and duly
elected Head of the Secular Organization of the Nemenhah. Eligibility: 

To  be  eligible  for  election  to  the  Office  of  EPMC  of  the Nemenhah,  the  nominee  must  be  a  currently  seated,  or  must  have  once  sat  as  a Member of the Council of Administrative Chiefs  with at least one year of tenure in Office,  of  the  Age  of  Agency  as  defined  herein,  of  Active/Voting  Status,  and  must trace  their  Line  of  Authority  directly  to  the  extant  EPMC,  or  to  an  EPMC  of  the Nemenhah  who  is  dead,  or  who  has  retired,  withdrawn,  or  otherwise  no  longer holds  office.   In  addition,  the  nominee  ought  to  be  free  from  any  prior  legal involvement that might threaten to impeach his/her credibility before  the Councils of the Nemenhah, or before agencies of government. Stewardship: 

The  EPMC  is  the  Custodian  of  the  Constitution  of  the  Nemenhah, and  Co-Custodian  with  the  Chief  of  Cultural  and  Societal  Concerns,  of  the Nemenhah  Code  of  Ethical  Conduct.   He/she  is  the  Talking  Feather  of  the  Great Council  and  of  the  Council  of  Administrative  Chiefs.   At  Great  Council,  the  EPMC presides over the Conference, sets the agenda and directs all discussion.

The Great Council  is  commenced  and  adjourned  by  the  EPMC.   The  EPMC  has  authority  to appoint  and to release  Members of the Standing Council of  Administrative Chiefs (meaning  those  who  are  currently  serving)    and  gives  Advice  and  Consent
concerning administrative actions by any or all of the Administrative Chiefs, when such  actions  involve  the  Nemenhah  Entire,  and  has  authority  to  assume  the leadership  of  an  Administrative  Department  when  circums tances  indicate  such necessity,  but  as  a  general  rule  and  commonly  accepted  practice,  does  not unnecessarily  invade the stewardships of such Chiefs within the workings of their individual departments.

The EPMC shall train the Council  of  Administrative  Chiefs in the role and duties of the
Office of EPMC  so that every one of them  may become  competent to fill that  seat  and
magnify that Stewardship before the Councils.

The EPMC of the Nemenhah is the only Member of the Nemenhah who may enter into
negotiations,  agreements,  contracts,  associations,  covenants,  or  other  constructive
arrangements, which bind the Nemenhah Body Politic as a whole.

The  EPMC  is  the  Servant  of  the  Nemenhah  and  is  subject  to  the  Nemenhah  Code  of Ethical Conduct to the same degree as is any other Nemenhah Member.

Rights and Restrictions Associated with the Office of EPMC:  The EPMC is authorized
to act within the dictates of the Office of EPMC with all authority to direct all Officers and Administrative  Staff  of  the  Secular  Branch,  when  such  actions  involve  the  Nemenhah Entire. Otherwise, the EPMC  is authorized to act, under the same restrictions, in all things with the same authority extended to all  Members of the Nemenhah.

Notwithstanding, the  EPMC  may only author Counsels in the Great Council.

He/she has  no vote in the Great Council. 

He/she  may convene a Disciplinary Council  and  may act as Talking Feather of
that Council when the Disciplinary Council involves Members of the Nemenhah , or when leaders of the Chapter are parties in the conflict .  

The  EPMC may  also  act as Arbitrator when Arbitration  Councils are requested or deemed appropriate and expedient.

How  Elected:  At  the  Great  Council  corresponding  to  the  end  of  a  regular
term  of  office  of  the  EPMC,  the  Administrative  Council  shall  recommend  to  the
General  Council  of  Mothers  in  Assembly, constituting  all  Female  Delegates  of  the
Great Council, the name of the Talking Feather of the Administrative Council to be
considered for nomination.

If the Mother’s Council concurs, the Nominee may be confirmed by the Consensus Vote of the Delegates of the Great Council, and ratified by a vote of the General Assembly of the Nemenhah. If the Mother’s Council does not  concur,  other  Nominees  are  recommended  and  debated. 

When  the  Mother’s Council  has  presented  the  nominations,  the  EPMC  is  elected  from  that  list  of nominees by Consensus Vote of the Delegates of Great Council.

In the event of special election, the Administrative Council elects an Interim EPMC  who  shall  serve  until  the  next  regularly  scheduled  Great  Council,  where regular Election may take place.

The Mother’s Council Assembled at Great Council may confirm the Interim EPMC, or may ask for another recommendation following the pattern provided herein.

At the beginning of every Council Year, the EPMC is sustained by the consensus vote
of  all  the  Delegates  and  Proxies  of  the  Great  Council  of  the  Nemenhah  at  the  yearly Conference of the Nemenhah.

Office of the EPMC | 2014
OFFICIAL DOCUMENT: Nemenhah Constitution
Term of Office:

The term of the Office of Elected Principal Chief of the Nemenhah shall be five years , but the Administrative Council may elect the same person for as many terms as it deems appropriate.  

The out-going EPMC shall remain in service as Special Advisor  or,  “Ad  Hoc  EPMC,”  to  the  EPMC  Elect  for  a  period  of  one  (1)  year  after  the election of a new EPMC in order to ensure adequate training and respectful transition from one Principle/Medicine  Chief to another.

Death or Expulsion:  Upon the death or expulsion (being essentially equal), of the  EPMC, his or her successor shall be  elected as provided herein  (see “How Elected”
above),  and  he  or  she  shall  immediately  assume the  Office, with all of its rights and
privileges,  until  Great  Council  either  sustains  or  rejects  the  choice  of  the
Administrative Council Chiefs.

In the case of  the sustaining, the term of Office shall begin upon the date of the sustaining Great Council.  

In the case of rejection, Great Council will call for another election as provided herein.  
Incapacity: Should the EPMC  become incapacitated or otherwise unable to fulfill
the duties of the office, he or she shall express the same to the Council of Administrative
Chiefs  and a special meeting of that Council shall be convened to select an Interim EPMC as provided herein. 

In the event that the  EPMC  is unable to make such expression, the Council of Administrative Chiefs shall convene to elect an Interim EPMC.

In either case, the  removal  of  the  EPMC  shall  entail  no  dishonor  and  the  exiting  EPMC  shall immediately resume, to the extent his or her capacity allows, his or her position in the Council of Administrative Chiefs  where appropriate  and if applicable.
Administrative Chiefs Secular  Chiefs: 

The  Secular  Administrative  Chiefs  (Cabinet  Chiefs)  of  the Nemenhah  are those  Chiefs or “Special Assistants” whom the EPMC is authorized to  appoint  to  assist  him/her  in  the  carrying  out  of  the  Office  of  EPMC.  

The Members  are  called  “Chiefs”  because  each  of  them  are  called  into  a  Stewardship Office  to  order  and  administrate  a  Department  of  the  Secular  Branch  of  the Nemenhah.  

Each  Administrative  Chief  acts  in  their  assigned  stewardship  under the  direction  of  the  EPMC  and  is,  in  effect,  the  mouthpiece  of  the  EPMC,  who  is ultimately liable for all their  actions. 

The EPMC  may release any Department Chief from  the  Council  of  Administrative  Chiefs  during  his/her  tenure   as  deemed appropriate.  

The  Administrative  Chiefs  have  no  authority  other  than  that  which they receive from the EPMC.


To be eligible for  appointment  to the Office of  Cabinet  Chief of the Nemenhah, the nominee must be  a Duly Adopted Member of the Nemenhah,  of the Age of Agency as defined herein, of Active/Voting Status, and they must be certified by the  President  of  the  Church  as  having  attained  the  Title  of  Sahaptan  Shirt  through completion of the UCNM.

Ecclesiastical Chiefs:   

The Ecclesiastical Administrative Chiefs (Pehli Council)
are  duly  appointed  Tiwehkthihmpt  (High  Priest)  of  the  General  Societies  of  the
Nemenhah, and the appropriate Representatives of the Church.

The Members are called  “Chiefs”  because  each  of  them  are  called  into  a  Stewardship  Office  to represent an Order or Society of the Ecclesiastical Branch.

Each Chief acts in their assigned stewardship under the direction of the President of the Church, and is in effect, the mouthpiece of the President of the Church, who is ultimately liable for all their  actions.  

The  President  of  the  Church  may  release  Representat ives  from Orders or Societies from the  Pehli Council  as appropriate. 

Members of  The  Pehli Council have no authority other than that which  they receive from the President of the Church.


To be eligible for appointment to the Office of Pehli Council of the
Nemenhah Church, the nominee must be a Duly Adopted Member of the Nemenhah,
of the Age of Agency as defined herein, of Active/Voting Status, and must have Taken
Orders within the Church.

Council  of  Administrative  Chiefs: 

This  is  the  Administrative  Body  and Council  of  the  File  Leadership  from  both  the  Secular  and  Ecclesiastical  Branches  of Nemenhah Government and consists of all duly appointed  and eligible Cabinet Chiefs and  Tiwehkthihmpt  from  their  respective  Councils.  

This  Council  is  convened  and adjourned by the EPMC, who sits as  Talking Feather of the Council, and is populated automatically  by  any  duly  authorized  and  eligible  member  of  the  Secular  and Ecclesiastical Leadership.


To be eligible for inclusion into the Council of Administrative Chiefs,
the nominee must be a Duly Adopted Member of the Nemenhah, of the Age of Agency
as defined herein, of Active/Voting Status and they must be certified by the President
of the Church as having attained the Title of Sahaptan Shirt through completion of the

The EPMC and President of the Church may appoint Cabinet and Pehli Chiefs who  have  not  attained  the  Title  of  Sahaptan  Shirt  to  callings  and  to  administrate departments and offices in their respective Branches, but it is with the understanding that  these  Chiefs  may  not  sit  in  the  Administrative  Council  until  they  may  sit  as Sahaptan Shirts with their administrative peers.

Nemenhah Member or “Tiheht”

Men  and  women  who  are  studying  the  Sacred  Sahaptan  Healing  Way,  who have been duly adopted by the Nemenhah, in accordance with the ancient law of Spiritual
Adoption and by the direction of the Ancestors and Wyaykihn, and who have made  the
covenant to sustain and uphold each other, the Nemenhah Constitution and its Code
of  Ethical  Conduct,  Nemenhah  Councils  and  Leadership,  and  the  Community  and
Chapters  of  the  Nemenhah,  shall  be  considered  Members  (Tiheht)  of  the  General
Assembly of Nemenhah Entire, and of the Chapter and/or Community closest to where
they  reside,  or  to  which  they  have  been  assigned  by  the  Chief  of  Chapter Services. 

Members  shall  demonstrate  their  covenant  by  complying  with  the standards  set  by  the  Great  Council  for  such  compliance. 

It  is  the  obligation  and responsibility of each individual Member of the Nemenhah to maintain current  status in  their  Membership,  meaning,  they  must  complete  at  least  two  (2)  Modules  of  the UCNM each year and 20 hours of continuing education in any area relating to the Five Fold Mission  of  Nemenhah  thereafter,  and  demonstrate  their  level  of  commitment  through Covenant Donation (Sacred Giveaway Offerings).

General Assembly As  outlined  in  the  definition  of  Nemenhah  Member,  every  Member  of  the Nemenhah  who  is  in  Active/Voting  Status  is  automatically  a  Member  of  the  General Assembly, first of the Nemenhah Entire, then of the Community and Chapter in which they reside.  

The  General  Assembly  of  the  Nemenhah  Ent ire  is  entrusted  with  the  task  of
ratifying the  vote of the  Great  Council Delegates in the  event of the  Election  of an EPMC.

The General Assembly of Community functions as outlined herein. 

The General Assembly of the Chapter operates  following the same pattern. Societies  of the Nemenhah Church  are task-specific and the General Assembly  of the Societies operate following the model herein outlined, whenever appropriate to the task and purpose of the Society.

Nemenhah Elders;

The  Nemenhah  is  a  union  of  Medicine  Men  and  Medicine  Women  (Tiheht)  who
follow  the  ancient  Sacred  Sahaptan  Healing  Way. 

As  such,  technically,  they  are  all considered  “Elders”  of  the  Nemenhah. 

The  term  “Elder”  shall  carry  no  especial distinction  in  general  use  among  the  Nemenhah. 

In  special  use,  such  as  in  the Councils of the Nemenhah, “Elder” shall designate responsibility.

The Elders of the Chapter,  in  this  context,  are  the  Principle/Stone  Carrier,  Yuhnipi  Leader  and  the Rehtwahtsi  Leader,  for  they  constitute  the  Chapter  Council. 

The  “Elders”  of  the Community  shall  be  the  members  of  the  Community  Council. 

The  “Elders”  of  the General Councils shall be the Delegates participating in the Council.

The “Elders” of the Great Council shall   be the Delegates participating. The “Elders” of the Sacred Sahaptan  Healing  Way  shall  be  the  President  of  the  Nemenhah  Church   and those  individuals  whom  he/she  calls  to  counsel  and  minister  in  that
responsibility, and so forth.

The General Council of Mothers;

The General Council of  Mothers are all women who have reached the age of agency,
who have been duly adopted by the EPMC  prior to the Great Council of 2012, and by the
President  of  NACNEM  thereafter,  in  accordance  with  the  ancient  tradition  of  Spiritual Adoption  and  by  the  direction  of  the  Ancestors  and  Wyaykihn,  and  who  have covenanted to  maintain Active/Voting Status,  sustain and uphold each other and  to diligently  study  the  Sacred  Sahaptan  Healing  Way. 

Any  Council  of  Mothers  may  be comprised of as many women as are present, or as few as a single Member and no governing  council,  where  nominations  are  given  by  a  Council  of  Mothers,  may  be created or organized where a Council of Mothers is absent.

Age of Agency
“Agency” is the right of Nemenhah Members to vote in any Council and in the
Great Council and General Assemblies.

The Age of Agency has been determined by unanimous  vote  of  the  first  Council of Mothers to be  (18)  years of age.

The Age of Agency  may  be  changed  upon  consensus  of  the  Council  of  Mothers  participating  in Great Council.

A congregation of duly Adopted Members of the Nemenhah, with Active/Voting
Status, may form a  Chapter,   a secular Voting Body,  of the Nemenhah by and through
policy  established  by  the  Office  of  the  EPMC. 

The  Principle/Stone  Carrier  is  duly elected by the General Assembly of the Chapter, in accordance with secular policy established by the Office of the EPMC and in conformity with the Nemenhah Council System, and presides over a Chapter Council consisting of two Councilors, the Yuhnipi Ehlik (also referred to as “Unipi Leader”) and Rehtwahtsi Ehlik (also referred to as “Clerk of  Membership”). 

The  Principle/Stone  Carrier  of  the  Chapter  administrates  Secular Policy within the Chapter, abiding by secular administrative policy and protocol  under the guidance and  shadow-leadership of the Chief of Chapter Services.

The  function  of  the  Chapter  is  to  create  a  Local  Gathering  of  duly  adopted
Ministers, Medicine People and Traditional Spiritual Leaders  as  a congregation  of the
Nemenhah People  and  a venue for the teaching of the Sacred Sahaptan Healing Way,
as well as to examine and teach Consensus Council System principles  and provide a

Unifying Purpose within and in pursuit of the Five-Fold Mission of the Nemenhah.

Each Chapter may provide one Delegate for the General Council to which it corresponds,
and two Delegates for the Great Council.

The Nemenhah Community

The Community of the Nemenhah is created  by  any  congregation of  thirteen
or more Chapters and a minimum of thirteen Mothers who desire to form a Community
Council.  Whereas  the  Chapter  is  governed  by  a  Chapter  Council,  the  Principle/Stone Carrier presiding, under the direction of  the Chief of Chapter Services, the Community is governed  by  a  Council  nominated  by  the  Council  of  Mothers  and  elected  by  the General Assembly of the  Membership of the participating  Chapters, and the  Chief of Chapter  Services  resigns  to  a  position  of  advisor  to  the  Community  Council. 

The Community may consist of as few as thirteen or more Chapters and the Chapters and
Chapter Councils continue to function as usual within the Nemenhah Community.
Membership in the Community Council is an honor rather than a profession and any member elected to the Community Council must personally approve of his or her election. No person shall receive remuneration for service in the Community Council, nor shall any person be coerced into service.

The Pehli and the Pehli Council

“Pehli”  is  a  Penutianization  of  the  Hebrew  name  “Lehb,”  or  “Levi,”  as  the
name is used in  common English today. The  offices,  ordinances and performances
of  the  Pehli  bridge  the  gap  between  the  administrative  functions  of  the  Secular
Branch  (the  Communities,  General  Councils,  Great  Council,  General  Assembly,
and  Disciplinary  and  Oversight  Councils,  and  so  forth)  and  the  ceremonial
functions  of  the  Ecclesiastical  Branch   (Ecclesiastical  Societies  and  Orders,
Church Administrative Councils, and so forth,  of Nemenhah).

The Pehli  are  the  Women within the Nemenhah whom the President of the
Church has certified as “Sahaptan Shirts” and have been set apart by a blessing of
the  President  of  the  Nemenhah  Church,  for  in  the  tradition  of  the  Ancient
Nemenhah, the Mothers need no  ordination.

Further, the Pehli are the Men  within the Nemenhah whom the President of the Church has certified as “Sahaptan Shirts,” and who have received the Order of the Sons of Lehb  by ordination by the Presiding High Priest of that Order, for in the tradition of the Ancient Nemenhah, men receive such authority line upon line and precept on precept. 

Whenever ordinances  and/or oblations  are  performed in  public gatherings,  the Pehli  perform  such ordinances,  or they  guide  and  direct  those  who  shall  perform  them,  under  the  direction  of  the President  of the Nemenhah Church.

The function of the Pehli Council is to direct the work of the Sacred Sahaptan
Healing Way, to administrate  standards and procedures for the performance of
the  ordinances,  assist  in  the  education  of  those  undertaking  training  to  become
ministers  and  administrators  within  that  discipline,   act  as  Talking  Feathers  in
Council and to provide and maintain a list of the Sahaptan Shirts who reside in a given

The Community Council of Pehli may send one Delegate to the General Council to which it corresponds and one Delegate to the Great Council.

The General Council of Pehli shall consist of all the  Pehli of the Nemenhah who  wish  to  participate.  The  Talking  Feather of  the General Council  of  Pehli  is  the President of the Nemenhah Church , in accordance with the will of the Creator, and the guidance  of  the  Ancestors. 

The  function  of  the  General  Council  of  Pehli  is  to administrate  a  uniform curriculum for the training of ministers and administrators, Nemenhah Constitution
and to facilitate the administrative  functions of the  Nemenhah Church.  

The General Council of Pehli may send one Delegate to  the Great Council.
Immunity All  Chiefs  and  Members  of  all  Councils  shall  be  held  to  the  same
performances as they impose upon the members of the communities.

They shall have no immunity. Even the EPMC and the President of the Church may be expelled from the Nemenhah for base and grounds described herein.

The General Councils

Where  thirteen  Communities  exist  among  the  Nemenhah,  in  a  designated
region, who wish to have social and /or economic association one with another, the
Communities shall elect a General  Council.

The General Council shall consist of one Delegate,  chosen  from  among  each  participating  Community  Council,  or  Chapter Council every second year, by consensus of all the members of  the participating Community and/or Chapter Councils who wish to vote. The General Council  shall choose a Feather from the list of  Sahaptan  Shirts provided by the General Council ofPehli.

The General Council shall meet from time to time to hear counsels, which have to  do  with  the  association  of  Communities  and  Chapters,  and  to  hear  disputations
between them.

Once convened in council, they shall not adjourn until the business at hand is resolved.

Membership in the General Councils is an honor rather than a profession and any  Community  Council  member  elected  to  the  General  Council  must  personally
approve of his or her election.

No  person shall receive remuneration for service the General Council, nor shall any person be coerced into service.

Great Council or Council of Fifty

The EPMC, or Interim EPMC,  shall call for the Great Council at least once every
year or, otherwise, when he/she  deems it necessary.

No regular Great Council may be  called  except  by  the  EPMC  of  the  Nemenhah.  The  EPMC  is  automatically  the Talking Feather of the Great Council  and  of the Council of Administrative Chiefs.

The Great Council shall consist of as many Delegates and Delegates by Proxy sent
from  the  Nemenhah  Community, Chapter, Pehli,  and  Society Councils as may be, when such  Council  is  called  for.  

  The  Great  Council  ratifies  by  Sustaining  Vote  the Constitution  and  Leadership  of  the  Nemenhah  as  Presently  Constituted,  or  in  the alternative,  discusses,  debates,  and/or  amends  the  Constitution,  and  participates  in the election of the EPMC, as provided herein.  No person shall receive remuneration for service  in  the  Great  Council,  nor  shall  any  person  be  coerced  into  service.   

Where programs  are  designed  to  aid  the  Nemenhah  in  the  implementation  of  its
programs,  such  as  (inter  alia)  in  the  case  of  the  Uniform  Curriculum  for
Nemenhah Ministry (UCNM),  for example, remuneration for the services of  such
Chiefs  and  Administrators  as  are  deemed  necessary  for  such  programs  shall  be
authorized and shall be obtained from  the donations and offerings of the  participants
in such programs.

Council Eligibility

No one shall be a Council Member who has not attained to the age of agency and who has not bound themselves by covenant (outlined herein) to the Nemenhah. In accordance  with  Great  Council  2009  directive,  a  Council  Member  must  maintain “Active/Voting  Status” as defined hereinafter.


Each duly elected Community Council Member, duly appointed Chapter Council
Member,  duly  appointed  Order  or  Society  Member  or  duly  elected  Community  or
Chapter  Delegate  shall  have  one  vote  on  any  matter  that  comes  to  a  vote  in  their
appropriate Councils.

If any such duly delegated Member is unable to  attend a Council, he/she may assign their Proxy Vote to any other duly elected or appointed Delegate of the appropriate Council and they shall vote in their stead.

The Talking Feather

The Talking Feather calls the Council to order, sets the agenda,  and determines
the order of speakers in Council.

The Talking Feather may also adjourn the council if order cannot be maintained or when all counsels are complete.

All members shall have opportunity to speak and when all have spoken, the Talking Feather shall call for  a  vote  of  the  members. 

The  Community,  General  and  Great  Council  Talking Feather  is  chosen  from  the  list  provided  by  the  Pehli  Council  and  has  no  vote. 

The Principle/Stone Carrier functions as the Talking Feather of the Chapter Council under the  direction  of  the  Chief  of  Chapter  Services. 

The  Society  Chief  functions  as  the Talking Feather of the Society, and so forth .

Impeachment and Expulsion

With  the  exception  of  the  Council  of  Administrative  Chiefs,  the  Disciplinary
and/or Arbitration Councils shall have sole power to impeach and expel any Member
from  Council,  but  may  do  so  only  upon  base  and  grounds  that  would  also
necessitate that member’s expulsion from the community and divorcement from the

Expulsion from a community is the only base and  grounds for removal from  a  Council,  standing  to  reason  that,  should  any  matter  be  brought  against  a Council member that might necessitate his or her removal from a Council, the same would justify expulsion from among the Nemenhah in general.

Physical or mental incapacity  shall  not  be  construed  as  base  and  grounds  for  expulsion  but  shall  be cause for members of Councils to be asked to step aside. 

In that case, such Council Members  must  step  aside  but  they  do  so  without  divorcement  or  any  dishonor.

Members of any Council may step aside for any reason without any dishonor.

Re-organization  of  the  Councils  is  made  periodically  and  such  re organization  does  not  constitute  ‘impeachment’  or  ‘expulsion.’ 

Chapters  may only  be  dissolved  by  the  EPMC,  upon  the  recommendation  of  the  Chief  of  Chapter Services , and also by the Chief of Chapter Services where duly authorized by the EPMC .

Any  duly  elected  or  appointed  Council  of  the  Nemenhah  is  automatically  disbanded
whenever the Members of such Councils fail to respond to interrogative from the Office
from  which  such  Councils  receive  their  authority   and  the  Council  is  automatically
vacated, without further administrative effort.


When  vacancies  occur  in  the  representation  of  any  Chapter  Council,  the
Principle/Stone  Carrier  shall  appoint  a  Member  of  the  Chapter  in  Active/Voting
Status to the vacated office.

If the PSC fails to re-establish the Chapter Council, the Council is automatically dissolved and the  Chief of Chapter Services calls the Council of  Mothers  of  that  Chapter  to  nominate  Members  for  the  election  of  a  new Principle/Stone  Carrier  by  the  General  Assembly  of  the  Chapter.  

If  the  General Assembly  of  the  Chapter  fails  to  perform  its  duty,  the  Chapter  is  automatically vacated,  without  further  administrative  effort,  and  the  members  lose  benefit  of Chapter until such time as a new Chapter is organized.

When vacancies occur in the representation of  any  Community  Council,  the
Feather of that Council shall  request that the Council of Mothers make nominations
for  the  positions  and  cause  an  election  to  be  held  to  fill  the  vacancies. 

Should  the vacancy  involve  the  elected  Feather  of  any  Council,  the  Council  shall  elect  a  new Feather prior to filling any other vacancy.

When  vacancies  occur  in  the  representation  of  any  other  of  the  Elected Councils,  the  vacancy  shall  be  filled  in  accordance  with  established  policy  of  such Councils.

Kohhaht of Council, or “Keeper of the Door”

The  Kohhaht  is  an Office  of  the  Tuhuhl  Nehm  Ahkrah (Nemenhah  High Place)  and
represents  the  Tuhuhl  Nehm  Ahkrah  Society  in  every  Council  of  the  Nemenhah.  

The Kohhaht  ascertains the  status of the  Members and/or Presenters for  a  given  Council and introduces  them  at  the  door,  assists  the  Members  of  Council  and  Guests  in  taking  their places  in  Council,  and  assists  the  Talking  Feather  in  keeping  due  order  in  Council.   

The Kohhaht  is  invited  to  speak  and  participate  in  debate,  and  in  all  ways  acts  in  his/her capacity as Representative of the Tuhuhl Nehm Ahkrah Society and carries zero vote in any Council.

Eligibility for Kohhaht of Council: 

To  be  appointed  Kohhaht  of  Council,  one must be a duly adopted Member of the Nemenhah in Active/Voting Status and an Ordained or Set Apart  Member of the  Pehli Council in the  appropriate  Order and/or Society  of the Nemenhah  Church. 

The  Tiwehkthihmpt  of  the  Tuhuhl  Nehm  Ahkrah  must  approve  the
recommendation for Kohhaht of Council.

Clarification of the Covenant of Spiritual Adoption

Individuals  seek  membership  in  the  Nemenhah  through  the  execution  of  a
solemn covenant.

The Covenant is made between the Applicant, the President of the Church, and the Peacemaker.

1) The Terms of the Covenant of Spiritual Adoption are that the Applicant promises to  First Do No Harm,

2) Make Natural Healing a part of the establishment and practice of their Religion,

3) Work Diligently to complete the course of training laid out for them by the President of the Church,

4) Sustain and support the program through generous Sacred Giveaway Offerings, and 5)  Uphold the Nemenhah Constitution and abide by the Nemenhah Code of Ethical Conduct.

In return,  the  Church  promises  to  1) 

Admit  the  Applicant  into  full  and  faithful membership in the Nemenhah Family,

2)  Make Public Declaration of the Ministry Status of the Individual, and

3)  Provide Training and Opportunities to Serve and to Establish an Affirmative Pattern of Behavior.

Covenant Donation

The Covenant Donation (Sacred Giveaway Offering), as outlined  herein, is the
responsibility  of  every  Member  and  constitutes  part  of  the  demonstration  of  the
Covenant  made  at  Spiritual  Adoption.  

It  is  placed  into  the  stewardship  of  the Principle/Stone  Carrier  of  any  organized  Chapter,  the  Talking  Feather  of  the

Community Council of any organized Community,  and where there are no organized
Chapters  or  Communities;  it  is  the  Stewardship  of  the  EPMC.   

In  the  case  of  the Uniform  Curriculum  for  Nemenhah  Ministry,  which  is  the  criteria  used  by  the Nemenhah  to  establish  and  maintain  competence  to  hold  the  Office  of  Nemenhah Minister, and to maintain Active/Voting Status, and any other affiliate programs which may been approved by the Councils, donation funds directed into such programs shall be  administrated  by  the  Council  or  Department  Head  of  that  program,  under  the direction of the appropriate Chief,  the  EPMC, or the President of the Church, wherever appropriate.

Active/Voting Status
Great Council 2009 defined  “Member in Active/Voting  Status”  as that Nemenhah
Member who has  participated in Society, Chapter, Community, or other activity of the
Nemenhah, at least twice in any given year, and who has made some kind of Covenant
Donation (Sacred Giveaway) in the course of that year.

Great Council 2011 clarified this definition by directing that each Member must  also complete  at least  two  (2)  Modules of  the  Core  Curriculum  each  year  until  completion  of  the  entire  curriculum.  

Upon completion of the UCNM, each Member is then required to complete 20 Credit Hours of Continuing Education in their chosen field, or in a field related to the Five-Fold Mission.

When Members fail to do this, their status is designated  “Inactive”  and they may not
qualifiedly  call  themselves Nemenhah Medicine Men or  Nemenhah Medicine Women, or by any other Nemenhah designation. Inactive Members may not participate or vote in any Council, and they may not be defensible by the Nemenhah.

Members who  have allowed their status to lapse must work directly with the President of the Nemenhah Church, and shall be considered on probation  until they are recommended for full fellowship once again by the President of the Nemenhah Church .


Any body or gathering of the Nemenhah which is organized in accordance with this
Constitution, and  which has authority to make recommendations to any General Assembly of the Nemenhah.


The  findings,  decisions,  directives  or  recommendations  which  any  Council  of  the
Nemenhah might recommend to the General Assembly for purpose of vote or election.

Article One:
Where men and women, who are engaged in the Sacred Sahaptan Healing Way  and  wish  to  become  Nemenhah,  undertake  to  celebrate  ordinances  which  are intended  to  regulate  their  own  community  life  through  the  ancient  traditions  of Nemenhah  Council,  the  authority  to  do  so  shall  be  vested  as  follows: 

1)  the  EPMC
(where  counsel  pertains  to  the  general  administration  of  Nemenhah  Secular  Policy,
Elected  Councils  of  the  Nemenhah,  or  with  its  interaction  with  other  Peoples  or  the governments or agencies of other Nations); or

2)  the  President  of  the Native American Church  of  Nemenhah  (where  counsel  pertains  to  the  general  administration  of Nemenhah  Ecclesiastical  Policy); 

3)  the  Chief  of  Chapter  Services  (where  counsel pertains solely to the organized Chapters of the Nemenhah);

4) , the Community Council (where  counsel  pertains  to  the  organized  Nemenhah  Community); 

5)   the  General Council (where counsel pertains to more than one Nemenhah Community);

6)  and the Great Council (where counsel pertains to all the Members as a body). 
The peace and order of the Nemenhah is the responsibility of each Member singly as also in  unity.

Resolution of disputes shall first be attempted between the parties, as is fitting in a Covenant  Society.

If disputes arise that cannot be resolved between  the  parties,  they  shall  be  taken  before  the  appropriate  Council  of  the Nemenhah  as provided herein.

Article Two:

Communities and Chapters of the Nemenhah shall be organized following  the  model  provided  by  the  suggestions  given  by  the  great  warrior  and historian, Tsi Tuhgohhah, as found in the Nemenhah Sacred Records (also known as the Mayntinah Archives). 

His (Tsi Tuhgohhah’s) counsel suggests that the nominations for  positions  on  the  Community  Council  be  given  by  the  Council  of  Mothers  of  that Community  and  that  the  nominees  be  elected  by  the  vote  of  the  General  Assembly Members of that Community. 

Chapters  of the Nemenhah shall be organized following the same model, wherein nominations for the position of Principle/Stone Carrier shall be  given  by  the  Council  of  Mothers  of  the  Chapter.  

The  election  of  the  Community Council  Members,  as  also  the  election  of  the  Principle/Stone  Carrier  of  the  Chapter, shall  be  by  two  thirds  majority  consensus  vote  of  the  General  Assembly  of  the Community or Chapter.

This model may be amended and expanded upon according as the EPMC deems prudent in his/her interpretation of the Nemenhah Constitution, as moved  upon by the Creator and he/she is guided by Wyaykihn.

Article Three:  There shall be no form of bond servitude or slavery among the  Nemenhah. 

This  shall  apply  both  to  persons,  as  well  as  economies.  Should  a member the Nemenhah be found guilty by Council of offense not worthy of expulsion, and service is required of that person to retain his/her membership, the member shall render  that  service  without  compulsion. 

That  person  shall  also  be  given  the alternative  of  not  performing  the  service  and,  should  the  alternative  be  chosen,  that member shall be expelled from  the Nemenhah.

Article  Four:  No  title  of  nobility  shall  be  granted  by  the  Nemenhah.

Rather, all men and women shall stand as equals before their Creator.

There shall be no class or caste.

Titles of elected or honorary vocation or profession, such as “Elder” or “Chief” shall not be construed as title of nobility, for  they are derived by the Common Consent of the Nemenhah (consensus) and may be removed by the same principle.

Article Five:

The Community Council shall exercise oversight over its own Nemenhah  Community. 

Should  any  Nemenhah  Community  member  have  any disputation with any other, and that dispute cannot be settled between the parties, the matter shall be taken up by the Disciplinary Council or Arbitration Council as provided in the Nemenhah Code of  Ethical Conduct.

Disputes within an organized Chapter shall be  handled  in  the  same  manner-  the  Chapter  Council  constituting  the  Restitution Council for the matter. 

If the matter involves a member of the  Chapter  Council, it shall be remanded to the Community Council for resolution or, in the absence of an organized  Community,  to  the  Office  of  the  EPMC  directly.  

Decisions  by  such Councils are final. This pattern shall be followed by all other organizational units of the Nemenhah, as  provided in the Nemenhah  Code of Ethical Conduct.

Article  Six:  No  person  shall  be  allowed  to  represent  or  speak  for  and  in behalf of another in any disputation in the Councils, but must present his or her own case in his or her own words.

It is generally understood that where fear of bodily or emotional harm might result because of personal  appearance in such Councils, the individual’s  voice  may be heard  through a  designated Proxy,  but  such Proxy may only read the information provided by the Party and must not “represent” the Party.

No priestly class of attorneys and judges shall be created or allowed to develop within
the  communities. 

Instead,  the  Council  shall  appoint  a  clerk  who  shall  have  the keeping of the records of the counsels rendered by it and shall assist the Council in its own analysis of the counsels as the Council shall deem  necessary.

The clerk shall not have any vote in the Council and shall not speak for any member or for the Council in any matter before the Council.

The clerk’s term of office shall be whatever the Council deems appropriate and, since the clerk is not an elected officer of the Community, he or she may be  released by  the Council at any time without cause.

Neither the Council nor the Clerk shall receive any remuneration for their services to the community, but such service shall be attributed to them as part of their covenant donation.

Article Seven:

Every member is entitled to their living and is free to enter into contracts, do business, and to own and dispose of property as he or she  sees fit.

To be a Member, however, and receive what benefits, services or security the Nemenhah
might  offer  in  time  of  need,  one  must  consecrate  regularly  to  the  Principle/Stone
Carrier  of  the  Chapter,  and/or  the  Talking  Feather  of  the  Council  of  the  Nemenhah Community, the Chiefs of the Administrative Departments,  the President of Nemenhah Church, and/ or to the  EPMC  from out of the  Surplus  of one’s work product, either in money, kind, or in service, whichever may be deemed most appropriate by the Member making the donation.

This is the Covenant Donation. Neither the Principle/Stone Carrier of the Chapter, the Feather  of the Community Council, the  EPMC, the President of the Nemenhah  Church,  or  the  Councils  shall  decide  the  nature,  amount,  or appropriateness of the Covenant Donation. 

They may make recommendations, but they may not dictate the amount or kind of the offering. No individual shall be forced to enter into the  covenant;  however, membership privileges, as well as  security in time of need, shall only be extended to covenant members.

All other people must depend upon the charity of their neighbors and hope for the best.

The Principle/Stone Carrier  shall have  power to solicit and  accept appropriations from the  Chapter.

The Talking  Feather  of  the  Community  Council  shall have power to solicit and  accept
appropriations from the Community.

All Chapter and Community  expenses, if any, shall be paid by the Principle/Stone Carriers or the Talking Feather of the Community Council  with  funds  obtained  from  the  Covenant  Donations  of  the  community members by application.

The Talking Feather of the Councils  and the Principle/Stone Carriers  shall  safeguard  the  accounts  and  make  moneys  or  kind  available  to  the Councils as appropriated.

The EPMC  shall have authority to administrate the funds received  through  such  programs  as  are  under  his/her  personal  direction  and distribute  them  as  the  Council  for  that  project  deems  appropriate. 

This  is  a dedicated  fund  under  the  direct  administration  of  the  EPMC. Administrative  Chiefs shall follow this pattern also.

The  General  Councils  shall  have  power  to  apply  for  and  accept
appropriations from the  Community Councils.

The General Counsels shall have no power to lay and collect taxes, duties, imposts and excises, or membership fees, but may  set  up  dedicated,  voluntary  funds  for  specific  purposes  which  shall  be accounted separately from the Covenant Donation.

The  Great  Council  shall  have  power  to  apply  for  and  accept  appropriations
from the General  Councils.

The Great Council shall have no power to lay and collect taxes,  duties,  imposts  and  excises,  or  membership  fees,  but  may  set  up  dedicated, voluntary  funds  for  specific  purposes  which shall  be  accounted  separately  from  the Covenant Donation.

If the community members want programs and services, they will provide for them through the  Covenant Donations and through Dedicated Funds.

The Councils shall impose no  programs and  services upon the members for which they are not willing to voluntarily  donate.

This is in accordance with  the ancient practice of  the Sacred Giveaway and  is  a vital tenet of our  traditional beliefs,  faith,  spirituality and sacred practices.

It is generally understood that Nemenhah Members shall not expect or demand programs or  services  from  the  Nemenhah or its Officers  that  they are not willing to support through Covenant Donation .

Article  Eight: 

Men,  women,  youth  and  children  are  members  of  the Community of the  Nemenhah and only of the Chapter in which they reside, unless otherwise assigned by the  Chief of Chapter Services.

If a  person resides where no Chapter is organized, he or she may become a member of the nearest duly organized Chapter until such time as one is organized in their own area.  

Members recognize that it is their own personal responsibility to see to it that Chapters are  organized in every place where the Nemenhah reside, and that regular Chapter Programs are on-going.

Should  they  decide  to  move  from  one  Chapter  to  another,  they  shall  not  be
considered a Member until they have met with the Principal  Stone Carrier of that
Chapter and have committed themselves to that Chapter,   by covenant, to defend and
uphold the Nemenhah Constitution and the Nemenhah Code of Ethical Conduct, and
to faithfully support the Chapter through participation and through Sacred Giveaway.

Commitment to the Community shall be by covenant as heretofore set forth. In other
words,  there  are  no  membership  dues  or  fees  per  se. 

The  Members  support  the Chapter  and  Community  individually  with  Sacred  Giveaway  Donations,  which  are considered  Tithes  and  Offerings  of  the  Church  and  its  Affiliate  Agencies.   

When  a Member has  allowed  their  status  to lapse they  must  be  personally mentored  by  the Chief of Chapter Services, for a probationary period not to exceed one (1) year, after which time the Chief of Chapter Services  shall make recommendation of the applicant to the Chapter or Community.

Article Nine: 

No  crime shall  be deemed violent unless by it a person willfully and knowingly renders another physically unable to make a living, or acts in a manner that might give threat of doing so.

Murder, rapine, abuse of a child or of a weaker person, sexual abuse of any kind, upon man, woman or child, as well as any act of mayhem, including the manufacture and/or distribution of substances deemed by  Domestic  Law  to  be  dangerous  and  having  a  history  of  injurious  abuse.  

Such manufacture or distribution shall be  violent crimes without mitigation,  regardless
of whether the crime renders a person physically unable to make a living or not.

Such  criminals  shall  be  expelled  from  the  community  and  delivered  to  the
appropriate authority  or to nature in the event that no other authority exists.

shall not have the security of the community  but shall  be in perpetual exile.

Be it known  therefore,  the  Nemenhah  maintains  a  zero  tolerance  policy  regarding  such things  which  shall  be  exercised  without  mitigation.  This  is  the  generally  accepted understanding of the term “Injury” as it is used in Nemenhah Councils.

Article Ten: 

Nemenhah Communities and Chapters are self-governing.

No Community  or  Chapter  shall  exercise  rule  or  compulsion  over  another.  All
Communities  and  Chapters  may  participate  in  the  General  Councils  and  the  Great
Council by sending duly elected Delegates to them.

Any  Community may, by a vote of  consensus,  decide  not  to  participate  in  General  Councils  or  Great  Council. 

Those Communities  shall  be  considered  alone  among  friends  and  shall  not  be  shunned.

Nevertheless,  they  shall  not  enjoy  the  blessings  and  privileges  afforded  those
participating in General and Great Councils.  

Article Eleven:

Even though this Declaration and Constitution is set forth to establish  the  Nemenhah  as  an  Indigenous  Traditional  Organization,  Church  and People, it should be recognized that we recognize all truth as our religion.

Councils shall offer no counsel regulating an  establishment of religion or any religious belief for  and  in  behalf  of  individual  members  of  the  Nemenhah  or  prohibiting  the  free exercise thereof; except where that profession of belief causes injury to another to the extent that it renders that person unable to earn his or her living, or threatens to
do so.

The  Nemenhah shall always respect and uphold the religious beliefs of its members. 

It  is  generally  understood  that,  since  Nemenhah  religion  encompasses spiritual  and  temporal  healing,  the  modalities  of  Natural  Healing  are  considered individual belief systems .

Article Twelve:  Councils  shall  offer  no  counsel  regulating  or abridging the  freedom  of  speech,  or  of  the  right  of  the  people  peaceably  to  assemble,  and  to petition the Councils for a redress of grievances.

Article Thirteen: The enumeration in this Constitution of certain rights shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the members.

Neither shall any enumeration of any  rights serve to make those rights automatically under the  regulatory power of the Councils. In other  words, to be able to enumerate the
rights  and  privileges  of  the  people  shall  not  give  the  Councils  the  authority to take
away or restrict those rights.

Article Fourteen:  The right of Community Members of the Nemenhah to vote  shall  be  dependent  upon  age  and  upon  the  commitment  by  covenant  of  the member to the  Community or Chapter in which he or she may reside and shall not be denied  or  abridged  in  any  way,  on  account  of  race,  color,  religion,  creed,  sexual orientation or other purely personal and private matter, or whether they are male or female. 

It  is  generally  understood  that  failure  to  maintain  current  and active status
automatically abrogates the right to vote in any Council of the Nemenhah or to receive
Nemenhah services, but does not cancel membership or constitute base and grounds for
Divorcement from the Nemenhah.

Article Fifteen: The right of Community Members to choose their method and kind of medicine shall not be denied or abridged in any way and the Councils shall not enact any counsel that shall place one profession or modality of healing over any  other,  except  when  such  professions  or  modalities  tend  to  render  a  person unable to earn a living, or when they threaten to do so.

The  General  Pehli  Council, under  the  direction  of  the  President  of  the  Nemenhah  Church,  shall  have  the right  to  create  and  control  curriculum  for  the  training  of  ministers  and administrators  in  the  church,  but  they  shall  not  have  the  right  to  dictate  any person’s  choice  of  modalities, individual sacraments or ceremonies, insofar as such things do not c onstitute or tend toward injury, or threat of injury as provided herein.

Office of the EPMC | 2014
OFFICIAL DOCUMENT: Nemenhah Constitution

Article Sixteen:  The Community may provide schools for the education of children, but  the right of Community Members to choose to provide education for their own children shall never be denied or abridged.

Article  Seventeen:  There  shall  be  no  “Parens  Patre”  counsels. 

The natural, or duly  adopted, parent of a child shall at all times be considered sovereign of  his  or  her  own  home. 

No  Council  of  the  Nemenhah  shall  at  any  time  consider itself greater, wiser, more prudent, or more  intelligent than the parent, except in the case of violent crime, as defined herein.

The parent who is  convicted by Council of violent crimes against a child  shall not be considered competent  to parent,  shall  be cast  out  from  among  the  Nemenhah,  shall  have  no  place  within  any  Chapter  or Community of Nemenhah, shall be surrendered to the appropriate authority, or to nature in the absence thereof, and  the child so injured shall be surrendered to the non-offending parent.

In the event that both parents do commit violence upon their child, they shall be surrendered to the buffetings of nature and of a hostile  world and the  child  shall  be  given  sanctuary  by  the  community,  and  shall  be  succored  as deemed  appropriate  by  the  community  through  the  principle  of  Making  Relations, where allowed.

Where such adoption is not allowed, the child shall be surrendered to the appropriate (civil) authority.

Article Eighteen: This constitution may be amended only by Great Council Conference  of  the  Nemenhah  and  such  amendment  shall  take  effect  only  upon consensus of the  Delegates  of the  Nemenhah assembled in Conference.

Great Council of 2009 authorized the EPMC  to edit and clarify  this Constitution when necessary, so long as the original intent of the Great Council is not contradicted by such editing.

Article Nineteen:  No Tribal Councils or Governments, be they federally or  otherwise  recognized,  individual  Nemenhah  Member,  Chapter  Council, Community Council, or General Council shall have authority to enter into contracts or  treaties  which  bind  the  Nemenhah  as  a  whole. 

Only  the  Talking  Feather  of  the Great Council of the Nemenhah (EPMC) may enter into such arrangements.

Likewise, only  the  Talking  Feather  of  the  Nemenhah  Great  Council  shall  decide  upon disciplinary actions against other nations or peoples, when and where appropriate.

Notwithstanding,  the  Communities  shall  have  authority  to  exercise  reasonable
diligence in maintaining their own security against the incursions of hostile neighbors,
insofar as such measures do not constitute a capital breach of the Domestic Law of the
Nation in which they are organized.

This  document  has  been  amended,  from  time  to  time,  as  directed  and
commissioned by the Great Councils of 2002 to  Present, consecutively.

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